Golden Lane Estate was built between 1952 and 1962, to the designs of architects Chamberlain, Powell and Bon.
The Estate is a key example in the UK of post-war urban design influenced by Modernist theory and form, in particular the work of Le Corbusier. Many of the ideas originally realised at Golden Lane informed the design of other social housing developments within the United Kingdom. The Estate was listed grade II / II* in 1997, in recognition of its architectural and historic significance.
The design of the Estate achieves a high density of living accommodation; with an interlocking arrangement of predominantly six-storey residential buildings coalescing around a seventeen storey residential tower, and community facilities, set within areas of open space.
The dwellings are compact and efficiently planned, but with an emphasis on light and transparency that gives a greater sense of volume. Many of the dwellings have full-height glazing, balconies, double-height spaces, clerestories, partially glazed screens, sliding partitions, and free-standing walls.
The architecture of the Estate is characterised by a palette of common materials and details, composed within strongly defined geometries. Bold use of colour is a defining feature; particularly evident externally, but originally also used extensively for internal surfaces within dwellings.